THE TERRITORY

 

The Falezze area presents a soil and a very special microclimate that profoundly affect the culture of the vine and the grapes it produces. The land is poor in nutrients but rich in micronutrients. This characteristic stimulates the vineyard to produce many roots and explore the soil in its depth. Consequently it creates a surface of heat exchanges which enables the plant to absorb those microelements that we find unmistakable in the wine. Moreover it is a fresh ground, with particular exposure (receiving a majority of sunrays in the afternoon-evening), and is located in the hills. The temperature changes between day and night are higher than in neighbouring plots, and this particular feature helps the acidity and pH of the wine which is an indispensable factor for Amarone of long duration.

The soil

The plot is gently sloping (it has a incline of between 5% and 30%), and has a moderate stoniness (although in some points quite high). The substrate is made from compact and stratified calcareous rocks. If we analyze a vertical section of the soil we note that on the surface there is a strong gravelly clay loam property which is extremely calcareous and moderately alkaline, but in the deepest part of the soil there is present a sandy clay loam texture. The soil has a moderate permeability with good drainage and the vines in this earth have a good water autonomy.

The vine

In the Falezze vineyard three varieties of grapes are present in the following percentages: 40% Corvinone, 30% Corvina e 30% Rondinella. They are all major varieties present in the specification of Amarone and Valpolicella. The vineyard is divided into three parts according to age: the oldest part exceeds eighty years, but we also have forty-year-old vines and finally a young plant that is 10 years old. To produce Amarone only the oldest grape plant and the best part of forty-year-old vineyard have been used.

Altitude and exposure

The land is located between 200 and 250 metres above sea level and the exposure is from the south-west to north-west.